Kūfīyah: (Arabic: takwīf: round), a large square piece of woven cotton with white base, folded in half to form a triangle. The folded edge is worn across the forehead fastened by a cord (‘Iqal) and draped off the shoulders. It often has geometric embroidery in a square-like pattern, the most famous being red and black. Worn in the Levant, Iraq, and the Arabian Gulf and known as (shmāgh), (Ghutrah), (haṭṭah), (Mshadah), (qaḍāḍah), or (jamadānah).