Jamadānah: (Arabic: jamada: fixed and immovable, synonyms: kūfīyah, shmāgh, ghutrah, aṭṭah, mshadah, qaḍāḍah), a large square piece of woven cotton with white base, folded in half to form a triangle. The folded edge is worn across the forehead. It often has geometric embroidery in a square-like pattern, the most famous being red and black. Worn in the Levant, Iraq, and the Arabian Gulf.