Mshadah: (Arabic: shadda: tied tightly, synonyms: Kūfīyah, shmāgh, Ghutrah, ḥaṭṭah, qaḍāḍah, jamadānah), a large square piece of woven cotton with white base, folded in half to form a triangle. The folded edge is worn across the forehead. It often has geometric embroidery in a square-like pattern, the most famous being red and black. Worn in the Levant, Iraq, and the Arabian Gulf.